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Tag Archives: Today in History

Today in History: The Balangiga Massacre in 1901

Photo of Company C, 9th US Infantry Regiment with Valeriano Abanador (standing, sixth from right) taken in Balangiga. The provenance of the photograph is uncertain. - Image Source:

The Balangiga massacre was an incident in 1901 in the town of the same name during the Philippine-American War. It initially referred to the killing of about 48 members of the US 9th Infantry by the townspeople allegedly augmented by guerrillas in the town of Balangiga on Samar island during an attack on September 28 of that year. In the 1960s Filipino nationalists applied it to the retaliatory measures taken on the island. This incident was described as the United States Army’s worst defeat since the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876. Filipinos regard the attack as one of their bravest acts in the war.

Biography of Ninoy Aquino

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By Kallie Szczepanski

disturbing video shot in 1983 shows Filipino army personnel boarding a plane and ordering opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr., more commonly called Ninoy Aquino, to disembark. He smiles, but his eyes look wary. Aquino walks out onto the tarmac of the Manila International Airport, while uniformed men prevent his companions from following.

Suddenly the sound of a shot rings through the plane. Aquino’s traveling companions begin to wail; three more shots sound. The western cameraman filming the event captures the image of two bodies lying on the ground, shot to the head.

HISTORY: Remembering the Tres de Abril uprising

This famous battle for Cebu happened on Palm Sunday, where Cebuanos dressed properly to go to mass and have their palms blessed. But a dawn incident on April 3rd happened where some Katipunero friends of Pantaleon Villegas aka “Leon Kilat” were arrested by the Guardia Civil and thus forced Leon Kilat to make his move, and at 3 p.m. he met with the Spanish troops led by Sgt. Pedro Royo at the corner of Guadalupe road (now V. Rama Ave.) and Gen. Weyler St. (now Tres de Abril St.). They were a mere 15 meters of each other, when Sgt. Royo told the poorly (mostly bolos) armed Katipuneros to go home.

Today in History: Death of Pres. Ramon Magsaysay

Magsaysay did not finish his term that was expected to end of December 30, 1957 because he died in a plane crash. On March 16, 1957 Magsaysay left Manila for Cebu City where he spoke at three educational institutions.

That same night, at about 1 am, he boarded the presidential plane “Mt. Pinatubo”, a C-47, heading back to Manila. In the early morning hours of March 17, his plane was reported missing.

It was late in the afternoon that day that newspapers reported that the airplane had crashed on Mt.

Today In History: March 11, 2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami

An aerial view of damage in the Sendai region with black smoke coming from the Nippon Oil Sendai oil refinery

The 2011 earthquake of the Pacific coast of Tōhoku  also known as the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, or the Great East Japan Earthquake, was a magnitude 9.0 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST  on Friday, 11 March 2011, with the epicenter approximately 70 kilometres (43 mi) east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately 32 km (20 mi). It was the most powerful known earthquake ever to have hit Japan, and one of the five most powerful earthquakes in the world since modern

Today in our History: First Battle of Bud Dajo

The First Battle of Bud Dajo, also known as the Battle of Mt. Dajo, was a counter insurgency action fought by the United States Army against native Moros in March 1906, during the Moro Rebellion phase of the Philippine-American War. While fighting was limited to ground action on Jolo Island in the Sulu Archipelago, use of naval gunfire contributed significantly to the overwhelming firepower brought to bear against the Muslim insurgents, who were mostly armed with melee weapons. The description of the engagement as a battle is disputed because of both the overwhelming firepower of the attackers and the lopsided casualties. The conflict,

People Power Revolution’s 26th anniversary

The People Power Revolution (also known as the EDSA Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986) was a series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines that occurred in 1983-86. The methods used amounted to a sustained campaign of civil resistance against regime violence and electoral fraud. This case of nonviolent revolution led to

February 21, 2012 – International Mother Language Day: Mother tongue instruction and inclusive education

International Mother Language Day was proclaimed by the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in November 1999 (30C/62).

On 16 May 2009 the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution A/RES/61/266called upon Member States “to promote the preservation and protection of all languages used by peoples of the world”. By the same resolution, the General Assembly proclaimed 2008 as the International Year of Languages, to promote unity in diversity and international understanding, through multilingualism and multiculturalism.

Today in History: Birth of Tandang Sora

Melchora Aquino de Ramos (January 6, 1812 – March 2, 1919) was a Filipina revolutionary who became known as “Tandang Sora” in the history of the Philippines because of her age when the Philippine Revolution broke out in 1896 (she was already 84 at the time). She gained the titles Grand Woman of the Revolution and the Mother of Balintawak for her heroic contributions to Philippine history.

Today in History: Declaration on Human Rights Defenders

Free as a man. Winning logo for Human Rights

Elaboration of the Declaration on human rights defenders began in 1984 and ended with the adoption of the text by the General Assembly in 1998, on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. A collective effort by a number of human rights non-governmental organizations and some State delegations helped to ensure that the final result was a strong, very useful and pragmatic text. Perhaps most importantly, the Declaration is addressed not just to States and to human rights defenders, but to everyone. It tells us that we all have a role to fulfil as human rights defenders

Today in History: Kaarawan ni Bonifacio

Commemorates the birth of national hero Andrés Bonifacio on November 30, 1863. Bonifacio is remembered on his birthday, rather than the date of his death, 10 May 1897, for historical reasons. Unlike Rizal and other heroes who died at the hands of foreigners, Bonifacio was executed by the government. Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo ordered his execution, as he was considered an enemy of the state after the events at the Tejeros Convention. Often conflated with National Heroes’ Day.

TODAY IN HISTORY: In 1898, new PH govt declares separation of Church and State

MANILA — On November 29, 1898, the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo, who had approved the Malolos Constitution, recognized the equality of all forms of worship and proclaimed the separation of Church and State.

Deriving inspiration from the Constitutions of Mexico, Belgium, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Brazil, and France, the most heated argument about it occurred with regards to the provision making Catholicism the religion of the State.